SAS : Date Functions

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This tutorial explains how to manipulate date values with SAS.

System Dates (Current Date)
data _null_;
a = date();
b = today();
c = "&sysdate"d;
put 'Without Format: ' a = b = c =;
run; 
See Log 
Without Format: a=20480 b=20480 c=19749
Make Date Values Formatted
data _null_;
a = date();
b = today();
c = "&sysdate"d;
format a b c ddmmyy10.;
put 'With Format: ' a = b = c = ;
run;
See Log
With Format: a=27/01/2016 b=27/01/2016 c=26/01/2014
SAS Date Formats 
data dates;
date1 = put(date(),mmddyy8.);
date2 = put(date(),WORDDATE.);
run; 
SAS Date Formats
Date Functions
SAS Date Functions
data _null_;
birthdt = '22oct91'd;
date1 = day(birthdt);
date2 = month(birthdt);
date3 = year(birthdt);
date4 = qtr(birthdt);
date5 = weekday(birthdt);
put date1 date2 date3 date4 date5;
run;
Date Calculations

Task - Number of intervals (Years /Months / Days) from birth date to today's date

Functions - DATDIF and INTCK
data _null_;
birthdt = '22oct91'd;
date5 = datdif(birthdt, date(), 'ACT/ACT');
date55 = intck('day',birthdt, date());
date6 = intck('year',birthdt, date());
date7 = intck('qtr',birthdt, date());
date8 = intck('week',birthdt, date());
put date5 date55 date6 date7 date8;
run;
Note : 'ACT' refers to the actual number of days between dates. Each month is considered to have the actual number of calendar days in that month, and each year is considered to have the actual number of calendar days in that year.

Task - When customer will retire (60 years old)

The INTNX function advances a date value by a given interval and returns a date value.
data _null_;
birthdt = '22oct91'd;
retirement = intnx('year',birthdt, 60);
put retirement date9.;
run;
Additional Parameter in INTNX Option
date10 = intnx('month',date(), 5, 'sameday');
date11 = intnx('month',date(), 5, 'end');

Important Points

1. January 1, 1960 is the zero point for SAS. Any day before 1/1/1960 is a negative number, and any day after that is a positive number.

Old dates can be subject to producing incorrect dates in SAS. You may not get a missing value, but make sure that you check your century. The YEARCUTOFF option gives you the capability to define a 100-year range for two-digit year values. The default value for the YEARCUTOFF option is 1920, giving you a range of 1920- 2019.
options yearcutoff = 1890;
data _null_;
birthdt = '22oct91'd;
currdt = '22oct51'd;
diff = intck('year',birthdt, currdt);
put diff;
run;
In the code above,  yearcutoff = 1890 takes century from 1890 to 1989.

2. Subsetting Date Formatted Data
data temp2;
set temp;
where date >= '1jan1991'd;
run;

DATEPART and TIMEPART Functions

DATEPART returns the date from a SAS datetime value. Whereas, TIMEPART returns the time from a SAS datetime value.

data _null_;
x='21oct16:8:45'dt;
xx=datepart(x);
xxx=timepart(x);
put xx worddate.;
put xxx time.;
run;

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Deepanshu founded ListenData with a simple objective - Make analytics easy to understand and follow. He has close to 7 years of experience in data science and predictive modeling. During his tenure, he has worked with global clients in various domains like retail and commercial banking, Telecom, HR and Automotive.


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6 Responses to "SAS : Date Functions"

  1. You made it sooooooooo..... easy..thank u

    ReplyDelete
  2. How to print multiple date formats in proc print option

    ReplyDelete
  3. Many, many thanks!!!

    ReplyDelete
  4. is there anyother format option instead of timedate ? bcz this format is not working on portable software.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Thanks for such a nice explanation!

    ReplyDelete

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