Why two minus signs "--" in an excel formula?


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Using two minus signs next to each other causes the formula to convert a return value of “TRUE” into 1 and a return value of “FALSE” into 0.

Let’s start with a simple logical condition :3 > 2 .

Apply this in excel = 3>2 returns “TRUE” . Using “—“ two minus signs together with this condition returns 1 = --(3>2)
This method is mostly used in SUMPRODUCT formulas to convert the conditional arrays that evaluates to TRUE/FALSE into 1/0.

Note : SUMPRODUCT formula ignores non numeric cells. Using double minus signs technique we can command excel to convert TRUE/FALSE to 1/0.

Following the values in cell A1:B8

A B
1
X
Y
2
20
2
3
10
5
4
5
8
5
15
11
6
7
14
7
8
17
8
13
20


Use this formula =SUMPRODUCT(--(A2:A8<12),B2:B8)

The first minus sign coerces the array to (0,-1,-1,0,-1,-1,0) and the second minus sign multiplies each values with negative sign [ Basic Maths : (-) * (-) = + ] (0,1,1,0,1,1,0)

So the sumproduct evaluates =SUMPRODUCT((0,1,1,0,1,1,0),(2,5,8,11,14,17,20)) returns a value 44.

You can figure out the same thing using the below formula :
=SUMPRODUCT((A2:A8>10)*B2:B8)
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1 Response to "Why two minus signs "--" in an excel formula?"

  1. Superb. Thanks for sharing your knowledge.

    Can you please also add one of the most power full excel tool "Turning Data into Decisions" i.e. PivotTable, PowerPivot and PivotCharts?

    ReplyDelete

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