Imagine you are asked to figure out the top 5 scorers with their scores from class A. Two or more students can have the same score.

Following the values in D6:E16.

**(Download this data file)**

Names | Scores |

James | 97% |

Dave | 69% |

Sam | 97% |

Rohan | 79% |

Aamir | 45% |

Ranbir | 55% |

Hrithik | 74% |

Shahrukh | 74% |

Bean | 37% |

John | 60% |

**To Find the Top 5 Values :**

LARGE returns the kth largest value in a data set whereas the ROW returns the row number.

=LARGE($E$7:$E$16,ROW(A1)) <=> =LARGE(RANGE,1)

Nested LARGE with ROW function to automatically increments the rank position.When you paste the formula down it automatically finds 1st,2nd,3rd,4th,5th largest values.

**To Find the Top 5 Scorers :**

There are two ways to compute this :

**1. Non-array formula**

**( Press Enter to confirm it)**

=INDEX($D$7:$D$16,MATCH(LARGE(INDEX($E$7:$E$16+(ROWS($E$7:$E$16)-ROW($E$7:$E$16))/10^5,0),ROWS($1:1)),INDEX($E$7:$E$16+(ROWS($E$7:$E$16)-ROW($E$7:$E$16))/10^5,0),0))

**2. Array formula**( Press Ctrl Shift Enter to confirm it)

**Explanation:**

1. INDEX- MATCH looks for a value in the right column of a table and returns a value in the same row from a column you specify.

2. MATCH always the first occurence so we first need to create unique values in range

ROW($E$7:$E$16)/10^5 - This part is used to create unique values in range E7:E16.

It evaluates as follows :

7/100000

8/100000

9/100000

.

.

.

16/100000

3. $E$7:$E$16-ROW($E$7:$E$16)/10^5

And substract the above fraction values from each values of range E7:E16.

0.97-(7/100000)

0.69-(8/100000)

.

.

0.6-(16/100000)

It gives us unique values.

Thanks for sharing this excellent formula.

ReplyDeleteNice article. In my experience, ROWS($1:1) won't work in an array formula. It will generate all 1's, unlike with the non-array version. I usually use ROW(INDIRECT("1:5")) to generate that sort of list within an array formula.

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