The INTCK function in SAS can be used to calculate the difference between two dates in SAS.

The syntax of INTCK function is as follows:

INTCK(interval, start date, end data, method)

**interval**: Interval to calculate (day, week, month, quarter, year etc.)**start date**: Starting SAS date**end date**: Ending SAS date**method**: This is optional argument. Intervals are counted using either a discrete or a continuous method. 'D' for discrete (Default), 'C' for continuous.)

Let's create a sample SAS dataset to demonstrate examples of this article. In this dataset, we have created two date variables - "startDate" and "endDate".

/*Sample Dataset*/ data mydata; format startDate endDate date9.; input startDate :date9. endDate :date9.; datalines; 01JUL2023 09SEP2023 10MAY2023 21JUN2023 17JUL2023 04OCT2023 11FEB2023 04SEP2023 ; run; /*Print Dataset*/ proc print data=mydata; run;

You can specify the interval in the first argument of INTCK function. For example, specify "day" for calculating the number of days between dates in SAS. Also specify start and end date in the second and third argument of the function.

/*Calculate Difference between dates*/ data newdata; set mydata; days = intck('day', startDate, endDate); weeks = intck('week', startDate, endDate); months = intck('month', startDate, endDate); run; /*Print new dataset*/ proc print data=newdata; run;

See the following table showing commonly used intervals in the INTCK function.

Interval | Description |
---|---|

DAY | Daily intervals |

DAY3 | Three-day intervals |

WEEK | Weekly intervals starting on Sundays |

WEEK.7 | Weekly intervals starting on Saturdays |

WEEK.2 | Weekly intervals starting on Mondays |

WEEKDAY | 5 days work week with a Saturday-Sunday weekend |

WEEKDAY1W | 6 days work week with Sunday as a weekend day |

SEMIMONTH | Half-month intervals |

MONTH | Monthly intervals |

QTR | Quarterly intervals |

YEAR | Yearly intervals |

To calculate the number of weekdays in SAS, you can specify "weekday" in the first argument of the INTCK function.

data newdata; set mydata; weekdays = intck('weekday', startDate, endDate); run; /*Print new dataset*/ proc print data=newdata; run;

There are two methods in the INTCK function to calculate difference between dates in SAS. By default, SAS uses "discrete" method which is not a complete interval. The other method is "continuous" which you can read as complete interval.

data temp; joiningDay='30SEP2023'd; lastDay='01OCT2023'd; Months=intck('MONTH', joiningDay, lastDay, 'D'); Months2=intck('MONTH', joiningDay, lastDay, 'C'); format joiningDay lastDay date9.; put Months= Months2=; run;

**Result**: Months=1 Months2=0

When we use the default "discrete" method, SAS returns 1 month between 30th September and 1st October. Whereas the "continuous" method in the INTCK function returns 0 month.

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