# Excel : OFFSET Function with Examples

In this tutorial, you will learn how to apply OFFSET function in MS Excel.

The Excel syntax for the OFFSET function is:

=OFFSET(referencerowscolumns, [height], [width])
It returns a reference to a range, from a given starting point with given height and width in cells.

1. Reference - Starting point in range.

2. Rows - Number of rows you want Excel to move from the starting point.

3. Columns - Number of columns you want Excel to move from the starting point.

4. Height [Optional] - Size of range with number of rows tall you want to return.

5. Width  [Optional] - Size of range with number of columns wide you want to return.

Examples :

1. OFFSET(A1,1,0)

It means move down 1 row i.e. A2. Since height and width components are optional in OFFSET formula, you can skip their references.

2. OFFSET(A1,0,2)

It means move right 2 columns i.e. C1.

3. OFFSET(A1,0,0,2)

From A1 returns 2 rows tall range. That means A1:A2

4. OFFSET(A1,0,0,1,2)

From A1 returns 2 columns wide range. That means A1:B1

5. OFFSET(A1,0,0,2,2)

From A1 returns 2 rows tall and 2 columns wide range. That means A1:B2

6. SUM(OFFSET(A1,1,2,2,1))

It means move down 1 row, 2 columns and then select 2 X 1 range. That means C2:C3

Real World Examples

Suppose you want to extract alternate values from a list.
 Excel OFFSET Function
Formula

Suppose data starts from cell B3 (as shown in the image above). Type the following formula in cell C3.
=SUM(OFFSET(B\$3,ROW(A1)*2-2,0))

ROW Function

It returns the row number of a reference.

Examples :

1. ROW(A1) returns 1.

2. ROW(A2) returns 2.

Scenario 2

Suppose you are asked to calculate cumulative sale. And the figure should be displayed in columns. Hence the formula should increment by row when you copy it horizontally.

OFFSET - COLUMN

=SUM(OFFSET(\$A\$1,0,0,COLUMN(B1)))

Evaluate Formula :

Let's translate the following formula into English :

=SUM(OFFSET(\$A\$1,0,0,COLUMN(B1)))

Since COLUMN(B1) returns 2, the above formula means = SUM (A1 through 2 rows wide). That is equivalent to =SUM(A1:A3).

When you copy the above formula across columns, the column formula increments by one.

=SUM(OFFSET(\$A\$1,0,0,COLUMN(C1)))
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Post Comment 3 Responses to "Excel : OFFSET Function with Examples"
1. Kindly notice the point you have mention:
2. ROW(B1) returns 2.

--how can this is possible, as row return row number B1 is row 1, That means it will return 1 not 2.

--------------You Wrote--------------------------------------
ROW Function

It returns the row number of a reference.

Examples :

1. ROW(A1) returns 1.

2. ROW(B1) returns 2.
-------------------------------------------------

2. I think it's an error too Row(B1) Should return :1. Although i think he meant "A2" which should return 2.

3. Typo. Corrected!

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