How to Use ChatGPT for Data Science

In this article, we will explore how you, as a data scientist, can use ChatGPT to enhance your data science projects. ChatGPT is a powerful tool that can help you in various aspects of your work, from exploring and analyzing data to generating insights and helping you with coding and troubleshooting. It can also help you to learn data science faster.

Table of Contents

Best ChatGPT Prompts for Data Science

Here are the ChatGPT prompts for data science, categorized by different steps of predictive modeling.

Data Exploration

I want you to act as a data scientist. Write python code for data exploration. Do not include explanation.
Data Exploration ChatGPT Prompts

The above Python code loads the dataset and shows initial rows. It also returns descriptive statistics, checks data types, calculates correlations, and visualizes relationships and distributions. Additionally, it creates a correlation heatmap, histogram, scatter plot, and other plots to help identify patterns, trends, and relationships within the data. By looking at these summary statistics and plots, data scientists can generate insights and make decisions about the next steps of predictive modeling.

Following are the top 15 ChatGPT prompts for "Data Exploration".

  1. Can you provide an overview of the dataset, including the number of rows, columns, and data types?
  2. What are the key variables or features in the dataset? Can you describe their meaning or significance?
  3. Are there any missing values in the dataset? If so, what is the extent of missingness across different variables?
  4. Could you generate summary statistics for numerical variables, such as mean, median, standard deviation, and quartiles?
  5. Can you identify any outliers or extreme values in the dataset? How can they be handled or investigated further?
  6. What are the distribution characteristics of numerical variables? Are they normally distributed or skewed?
  7. Are there any correlations between variables? Which variables are strongly or weakly correlated with each other?
  8. Could you provide some visualizations, such as histograms, box plots, or scatter plots, to explore the relationships between variables?
  9. Can you identify any patterns or trends in the dataset over time, if applicable? How can they be visualized effectively?
  10. Are there any categorical variables in the dataset? What are the unique categories and their respective frequencies?
  11. Could you generate cross-tabulations or contingency tables to examine the relationships between categorical variables?
  12. What are the top values or categories in specific variables? For example, the most frequent country or product category.
  13. Can you explore any class imbalance issues in the dataset, especially if it's a classification problem?
  14. Are there any data quality issues, such as duplicates or inconsistent formatting, that need to be addressed?
  15. How does the target variable or outcome variable behave? What is its distribution, and are there any insights about its relationship with other variables?

Data Preparation

I want you to act as a data scientist. Write python code for data preparation. Do not include explanation.
ChatGPT Prompts for Data Preparation

The above code initially loads the dataset. Then it separates dependent and independent variables and later performs feature scaling. We can refine data further by asking ChatGPT to identify and treat missing values and outliers.

Write python code for handling and treating missing values and outliers.
ChatGPT Prompts for Handling Data

Below is a list of 15 ChatGPT prompts for "Data Preparation".

  1. What steps should I follow to clean and preprocess my raw data before analysis?
  2. How can I handle missing values in my dataset? Are there any imputation techniques you recommend?
  3. Can you explain the concept of feature scaling and suggest methods for scaling my numerical variables?
  4. Are there any outlier detection and removal techniques that I should consider during data preparation?
  5. What strategies can I use to handle categorical variables? Should I perform one-hot encoding or use other approaches?
  6. Can you suggest methods for handling class imbalance in my dataset? How can I ensure balanced training data?
  7. How do I deal with skewed distributions in my dataset? Are there any transformations that can help?
  8. What are some techniques for handling multicollinearity among features in data preparation?
  9. Should I remove redundant features from my dataset? If so, what criteria should I use for feature selection?
  10. How can I handle date and time variables in my dataset? Are there any specific considerations for analysis?
  11. Can you explain the concept of data normalization and suggest normalization techniques for my features?
  12. Are there any methods for handling text data in data preparation? How can I convert text into numerical representations?
  13. Can you provide guidance on splitting my dataset into training, validation, and testing sets? What is the recommended ratio?
  14. How can I address data quality issues, such as duplicates or inconsistent formatting, during data preparation?
  15. What are some common data validation techniques I can use to ensure the integrity of my prepared dataset?

Feature Engineering

I want you to act as a data scientist. Write python code for feature engineering assuming target variable is binary. Do not include explanation.
Feature Engineering ChatGPT Prompts

The Python code returned from ChatGPT shows feature engineering techniques for a binary target variable. The code loads the dataset and encodes the target variable using label encoding. It then performs feature selection using chi-square test, creates new features based on domain knowledge, generates interaction features, creates dummy variables for categorical features, applies feature scaling, and drops unnecessary columns. The objective of these steps is to create meaningful features, handle categorical variables, and scale numerical features.

Here are ten prompts for "Feature Engineering".

  1. What is feature engineering, and why is it important in the context of data science?
  2. Can you explain how to use Chi-square for feature selection?
  3. What are some common techniques for handling categorical variables during feature engineering?
  4. Can you provide examples of creating new features through mathematical operations on existing variables?
  5. How can I extract meaningful information from text data and create useful features?
  6. Are there any techniques for transforming numerical variables to better fit model assumptions or improve interpretability?
  7. Can you explain the concept of one-hot encoding and when it is appropriate to use in feature engineering?
  8. What are interaction features, and how can they capture complex relationships between variables?
  9. Are there any dimensionality reduction techniques that can be applied during feature engineering?
  10. How can I use domain knowledge or external data sources to create meaningful features?

Model Building

I want you to act as a data scientist. Given a dataset of customer that contains the "attrition" as target variable. Write python code for building a classification model. Do not include explanation.
ChatGPT Prompts for Model Building

In the code above, we built a Random Forest model. Then we made predictions on the testing set. Later we evaluated the model.

The other ChatGPT prompts you can use for "Model Building" are as follows.

  1. What is the process of model building, and how does it fit into the broader context of data science?
  2. How do I determine the appropriate modeling technique or algorithm for my specific problem?

Hyperparameter Tuning

I want you to act as a data scientist. Given a classification model, write python code to tune the hyperparameter.

The code above defines a parameter grid containing different values for the hyperparameters. The code builds a Random Forest classifier and performs grid search with cross-validation to find the best combination of hyperparameters. The best model is obtained, and its accuracy is evaluated on the testing set. This helps us in finding the optimal hyperparameters to improve the model's performance.

Best ChatGPT Prompts for Python

Python Code Generator
  1. I want you to act like a Python code generator. Please create a function that will do [Describe task].
  2. I want you to act like a Python coder. Write a module that calculates [metric] based on [dataset].
Python Code Interpreter
I want you to act like a Python interpreter. I will give you Python code, and you will execute it. Do not provide any explanations. Do not respond with anything except the output of the code. The first code is: [insert code snippet].
Python Code Optimizer
I want you to act like a code optimizer in Python. Make the code more efficient. [Insert current code]
Python Code Debugger
I want you to act like a Python developer. I am getting the following error [Insert Error]. Fix the code. [Insert code]
Python Instructor
I want you to act as a Python instructor. Can you please explain to me what this code is doing? [Insert code]
ChatGPT Prompts for "Pandas" and "NumPy" packages

Here are the top 15 prompts for functions in the "Pandas" and "NumPy" packages.

  1. What is the purpose of the "Pandas" library, and what are some essential functions for data manipulation and analysis?
  2. Can you explain the difference between the "head()" and "tail()" functions in Pandas, and how they can be used to view the first and last few rows of a DataFrame?
  3. How can I use the "describe()" function in Pandas to generate descriptive statistics for numerical data?
  4. What are some common functions in Pandas for data filtering and selection, such as "loc[]" and "iloc[]"?
  5. How can I handle missing values in Pandas using functions like "dropna()" and "fillna()"?
  6. Can you provide examples of how to perform grouping and aggregation operations using the "groupby()" function in Pandas?
  7. What are some useful functions in Pandas for sorting and ranking data, such as "sort_values()" and "rank()"?
  8. Can you explain the purpose of the "numpy" library and highlight some important functions for numerical computations and array manipulation?
  9. How can I use the "numpy" functions like "mean()", "median()", and "std()" to calculate summary statistics for arrays or data?
  10. What are some commonly used functions in NumPy for array reshaping, such as "reshape()" and "flatten()"?
  11. How can I perform element-wise operations on NumPy arrays using functions like "add()", "subtract()", "multiply()", and "divide()"?
  12. What are broadcasting and vectorization in NumPy, and how can they improve the efficiency of array operations?
  13. Can you provide examples of using the "numpy.where()" function to perform conditional operations on arrays?
  14. What are some useful functions in NumPy for working with random numbers and probability distributions, such as "random.rand()" and "random.choice()"?
  15. How can I use the "apply()" function in Pandas to apply a custom function to elements, rows, or columns of a DataFrame?

Best ChatGPT Prompts for SQL

Here are the top 10 ChatGPT prompts for SQL.

  1. I want you to act like a SQL developer. Explain this SQL code [Insert code]
  2. I want you to act like a SQL code optimizer. Please optimize the code to make it more efficient [Insert SQL]
  3. I want you to act like a SQL formatter. Please format the following SQL code. [Insert Code]
  4. Please translate this python code to SQL. [Python code]
  5. I have a table with three columns [Insert column names]. Write SQL code to calculate running average.
  6. I want you to act like a data generator. Please write SQL queries that creates a table [table name] with the columns [column name]. Include relevant constraints and index.
  7. I want you to act like a SQL developer. I am getting the following error [Insert Error]. Please fix it. [Insert SQL Code]
  8. Please explain the SQL code [Insert code]

Best ChatGPT Plugins for Data Science

Here are the top ChatGPT plugins for helping you in different aspects of a data science project.

  1. ChatGPT Plugin for MS Excel: The ChatGPT Plugin for MS Excel provides an interactive chatbot functionality within Excel, allowing users to ask questions and receive response from ChatGPT within Excel. Whether you need help with data analysis, formula suggestions, or general Excel usage, the ChatGPT Plugin for MS Excel has got you covered.
  2. ChatGPT Plugin for MS Word: It can help you in writing content. You can ask for writing suggestions and perform grammar checks within MS Word. For example, you can generate your resume or cover letter with just a click of a button. Furthermore, you can enhance it further by having conversations and exchanging ideas to improve the content.
  3. ChatGPT Plugin for MS PowerPoint: The ChatGPT Plugin for MS PowerPoint helps you create presentations more quickly and easily. By integrating ChatGPT into PowerPoint, it allows you to have interactive conversations that assist you in creating engaging content. In simple terms, it helps you create impactful presentations with ease, making the process more efficient and effective.
  4. Code Interpreter: It can perform data analysis and generate graphs. It can also solve mathematical equations and execute Python code. It also supports uploads and downloads.
  5. Wolfram Alpha: It gives access to powerful computation, precise mathematical capabilities, carefully curated knowledge, real-time data, and visualization tools.
  6. Zapier: It can automate repetitive tasks and integrates more than 5,000 app into your workflow.
  7. Link Reader: It can read the content from webpage, PDF, PPT, image, Word and other documents.

ChatGPT Tools for Automation

ChatGPT has been so successful that other people have created tools and applications that use it. These tools make ChatGPT more powerful and versatile. They allow users to use ChatGPT in different ways.

  1. AutoGPT: AutoGPT can fetch real-time information from the internet, along with the usual capabilities of ChatGPT. It works like an analyst. When a client gives us a project with instructions on what to do. We, as analysts, perform tasks to fulfill the project requirements. In the same way, by assigning a project to AutoGPT, it will do on its own all the necessary tasks to meet the project's requirements.
  2. Transformers Agent: can Transformers Agent automates just about any task you can think of. It can generate and edit images, video, audio, answer questions about documents, convert speech to text and do a lot of other things.
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About Author:
Deepanshu Bhalla

Deepanshu founded ListenData with a simple objective - Make analytics easy to understand and follow. He has over 10 years of experience in data science. During his tenure, he worked with global clients in various domains like Banking, Insurance, Private Equity, Telecom and HR.

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